Research documents and useful sites

American Academy of Pediatrics
Policy Statement on Media Violence, November 2001;108/5/1222.pdf
AAP - Media Matters
Three-year Study Documents Nature of Television Violence
Policy Statement - Impact of Music, Music Lyrics and Music Videos on Children and Youth
November 2009
Policy Statement...
Policy Statement on Media Violence, November 2009
Policy Statement...

American Psychiatric Association
Psychiatric Effects of Media Violence

Professor Craig Anderson, Ph.D.
Professor of Psychology and Chair, Department of Psychology
Iowa State University of Science & Technology
Important articles at this site

Professor Brad Bushman, Ph.D
Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan

Canadian Paediatric Society
Impact of Media Use on Children and Youth
Media Pulse: Measuring the Media in Kids' Lives - A Guide for Health Practitioners

Center on Media and Child Health

Dying to Entertain: Violence on Prime Time Television 1998 - 2006
Parents Television Council

Early Sexualization: A Guide for Parents of Preteen Girls
YWCA of Montreal, Quebec, 2006

Effects of Media Violence on Society
Craig Anderson and Brad Bushman
Science Magazine, March 2002

Effects of Reducing Children's Television and Video Game Use on Aggressive Behavior, A Randomized Controlled Trial
Thomas N. Robinson, MD, MPH: Marta L. Wilde, MA: Lisa C. Navracruz, MD: K. Farish Haydel; Ann Varady, MS
Archives Pediatric Adolescent Medicine, January 2001

Effects of Violent Video Games on Aggressive Behavior, Aggressive Cognition, Aggressive Affect, Physiological Arousal, and Prosocial Behavior: A Meta-Analytic Review of the Scientific Literature
Craig A. Anderson and Brad J. Bushman 
Psychological Science, September 2001

Effect of video game violence on physiological desensitization to real-life violence
Craig Anderson, Nicholas Carnagey, Brad Bushman
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 2006

Exposure to Violent Media: The Effects of Songs with Violent Lyrics on Aggressive Thoughts and Feelings
Craig Anderson, Nicholas Carnagey, Janie Eubanks
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, May 2003

Federal Trade Commission
Marketing Violent Entertainment to Children: A Review of Self-Regulation and Industry Practices in the Motion Picture, Music Recording & Electronic Game Industries
September, 2000
Marketing Violent Entertainment to Children: A Six Month Follow-Up Review of Industry Practices in the Motion Picture, Music Recording & Electronic Game Industries
April 2001
Marketing Violent Entertainment to Children: A One-Year Follow-Up Review of Industry Practices in the Motion Picture, Music Recording & Electronic Game Industries
December 2001
Marketing Violent Entertainment to Children: A Twenty-One Month Follow-Up Review of Industry Practices in the Motion Picture, Music Recording & Electronic Game Industries
June 2002
Results of Nationwide Undercover Survey
Released October 14, 2021

Gangsta Misogyny: A Content Analysis Of The Portrayals Of Violence Against Women In Rap Music, 1987-1993
Edward G. Armstrong
Journal of Criminal Justice and Popular Culture, 2001

Generation M: Misogyny in Media and Culture
A film by Thomas Keith, professor of philosophy at California State University-Long Beach

The Influence of Media Violence on Youth
Craig A. Anderson, Leonard Berkowitz, Edward Donnerstein, L. Rowell Huesmann, James D. Johnson, Daniel Linz, Neil M. Malamuth, and Ellen Wartella
Psychological Science in the Public Interest, December 2003

Joint Statement on the Impact of Entertainment Violence on Children
Congressional Public Health Summit
American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, American Psychological Association, American Medical Association, American Academy of Family Physicians, American Psychiatric Association, July 26, 2021

Kaiser Family Foundation
- TV Violence Key Facts
- Kids & Media @ The New Millennium
- Zero to Six: Electronic Media in the Lives of Infants, Toddlers and Preschoolers
- Generation M: Media in the Lives of 8-18 Year-olds
- The Media Family: Electronic Media in the Lives of Infants, Toddlers, Preschoolers, and Their Parents

Kids' Take on the Media
Canadian Teachers' Federation, 2003

Link Between Pornography and Violent Sex Crimes
Robert Peters, President, Morality in Media
March 2004

Longitudinal Relations Between Children's Exposure to TV Violence and Their Aggressive and Violent Behavior in Young Adulthood: 1977-1992
L. Rowell Huesmann, Jessica Moise-Titus, Cheryl-Lynn Podolski, and Leonard D.Eron
Developmental Psychology, Vol. 39, No. 2 (Do an Internet search for this document) 

Manhunt Decision - New Zealand Office of Film & Literature Classification

Media Violence Presentation
Physicians for Global Survival (Canada)

Media Violence and the American Public: Scientific Facts Versus Media Misinformation
Brad Bushman and Craig Anderson
American Psychologist, June 2001
Media Violence and the American Public...

Merchandizing Mayhem - Violence in Popular Culture 1998 - 1999 (U.S.)
Center for Media and Public Affairs

Misogyny & the Emcee: Sex, Race & Hip Hop
Ewuare Osayande

National Television Violence Study (U.S.)
Center for Communication and Social Policy

Natural Born Copycat Killers and the Law of Shock Torts
John Charles Kunich
Washington University Law Quarterly, Winter 2000
Natural Born Copycat Killers...

Ninth Annual MediaWise Video Game Report Card
National Institute on Media and the Family

Public Policy and the Effects of Media Violence on Children
Douglas A. Gentile, Muniba Saleem, Craig A. Anderson, Department of Psychology, Center for the Study of Violence, Iowa State University
Social Issues and Policy Review, Vol. 1. No. 1, 2007
The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues

Promising Practices to Protect Children From Media Violence

The rise in the number of children and adolescents who exhibit problematic behaviors: Multiple causes
Anne-Marie Ambert, Ph.D., Vanier Institute on the Family, February 2007
The rise in the number of children...

Stop Teaching Our Kids to Kill: A Call to Action Against TV, Movie & Video Game Violence
Lt. Col. Dave Grossman & Gloria DeGaetano, Crown Publishers, New York, 1999

Television Violence: A Review of the Effects on Children of Different Ages
Wendy L. Josephson, Ph.D. Prepared for the Department of Canadian Heritage, February 1995
NB: The information on video games has not been updated to reflect the current research

Television Violence Monitoring Reports (U.S.)
UCLA Center for Communication Policy

Undue Exploitation of Violence Consultation Paper
Department of Justice, Canada, March 1996
Undue Exploitation of Violence Consultation Paper

Video Games and Aggressive Thoughts, Feelings, and Behavior in the Laboratory and in Life
Craig Anderson and Karen Dill
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, April 2000

Violent Video Games, Delinquency, and Youth Violence: New Evidence
Matt DeLisi, Michael G. Vaughn, Douglas A. Gentile, Craig A. Anderson and Jeffrey J. Shook
Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, Published online October 17, 2021
On behalf of Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences

Watching the Watchers: Gender Justice and Co-regulation in the New Media Marketplace
Natalie Coulter and Catherine Murray
MediaWatch, Toronto, April 2001
(Do an Internet search for this document)

Weighing the Evidence: Comparison of Two Amicus Briefs Submitted to U.S. Supreme Court Violent Video Game Case
By Brad J. Bushman, Ohio State University & VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Craig A. Anderson, Iowa State University, June 2011

Women in Peril: A Look at TV's Disturbing New Storyline Trend
Parent's Television Council, October 2009
Women in Peril...

Young Canadians in a Wired World
Media Awareness Network

Youth, Pornography, and the Internet
Dick Thornburgh and Herbert S. Lin, Editors
Committee to Study Tools and Strategies for Protecting Kids from Pornography and Their Applicability to Other Inappropriate Internet Content
Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, National Research Council (U.S.)
National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 2003

Search "media violence" on these sites

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

American Academy of Pediatrics

American Medical Association

American Psychiatric Association

American Psychological Association

British Columbia Teachers' Federation

Canadian Paediatric Society

Canadian Teachers' Federation

Pediatric Adolescent Medicine (Archives)


Action Coalition for Media Education

Center for Successful Parenting

Citizens for Responsible Media

Common Sense Media


Lt. Col. Dave Grossman

Kaiser Family Foundation

National Institute on Media and the Family

Parents Against Media Violence

Parents Television Council

Paul Robertson, Youth Culture Specialist, Youth Unlimited

Pornography Harms